NWO-ENW-Klein grant for developing Black Hole on a Chip

March 31, 2021

Researchers Reinoud Lavrijsen (TU/e) and Rembert Duine (UU & TU/e) received a 700K NWO-ENW-Klein grant for the proposal 'Black Holes on a Chip'.

The goal of the proposed research is to use state-of-the-art materials science and nano-fabrication techniques to experimentally realize a magnetic analogue of astronomical black holes, and builds a theory that was recently developed. The magnetic analogue black hole may be used to study fundamental aspects of black holes, such as Hawking radiation, that are hard to access for astronomical black holes. Furthermore, magnetic analogue black holes may find applications  –  for example, so-called black hole lasers –  in the field of spintronics that aims to replace conventional electronics by using the magnetic ('spin') properties of electrons. This is expect to lead to more energy-efficient and sustainable information technology.

The field of analogue gravity studies laboratory analogues of gravitational systems, and, in particular, aims to gain insight in black holes — the most extreme objects in nature. Since the inception of analogue gravity, it has grown into an active interdisciplinary field that conceptually synergizes gravity and fluid dynamics. It has led to new physics such as white holes, objects that cannot be penetrated, as opposed to black holes, from which nothing — not even light — can escape. Analogue gravity is based on various physical systems, ranging from atomic Bose-Einstein condensates to water waves. A tunable solid-state platform that can be operated from high to low temperatures — corresponding, respectively, to classical and quantum regimes — and that can exhibit non-linearities is, however, not yet available.

The goal of this combined theory-experiment proposal is to realize gravity analogues with magnons, the quanta of oscillations in the magnetization direction, in metallic ferromagnets. In this implementation, theoretically proposed by one of us, changes in the electronic spin-current density are felt by magnons as an effective gravitational field. Because of the beneficial and tunable properties of magnetic materials, such as strong exchange interactions, magnonic gravity analogues can be operated over a wide range of temperatures. Our ultimate objective is to realize a magnonic laser by means of a pair of white-hole and black-hole horizons that form a lasing cavity for the magnons.

The scientific challenges that need to be overcome to reach our goal are to make the interaction between electronic spin current and magnons and the asymmetric exchange interaction sufficiently large in order to reach an operational window required for the gravity analogues. In our experiments, we have proof that thin layers of magnetic metals can exhibit both the interaction of magnons with electronic spin current and asymmetric exchange. Moreover, we have shown that these interactions are in principle tuneable by material combinations and thickness, interface engineering and focused-ion-beam irradiation, which provides an inroad for overcoming the scientific challenges.

The long-term perspective of our research is twofold: First, our results contribute to analogue gravity as our experimental realization, if successful, would provide the first tunable room-temperature black-hole analogue on a chip. Second, the results of our proposed research may be used in the field of magnonics as a new way to manipulate and on-chip amplify magnons for realizing beyond-Moore devices.


More information: UU news article that accompanied the 2017 theory paper https://www.uu.nl/en/news/black-holes-on-an-electronic-chip

Contact: dr.ir. Reinoud Lavrijsen