Global resources and sustainability of European modernization (GREASE) program


TUE staff involved: Erik van der Vleuten, Frank Veraart, Jan-Pieter Smits

Global South-North sustainability entanglements

The program argues that sustainability issues in neither the Global South, nor in Europe, should be studied in geographical isolation. Through all kinds of 'sustainability telecouplings', the histories of modernization, inequality, well-being and (un)sustainability in the Global North and the Global South became entangled. Through a series of workshops, GREASE builds a research network and research agenda to explore the historical dynamics of these entanglements. GREASE identifies and synthesizes relevant literatures, and connects these to ongoing policy and stakeholder debates on present-day well-being and sustainability challenges.


Through a series of workshops,

  • GREASE brings together scholars working on relevant resource and sustainability history from different historical disciplines in 10 different European countries;
  • GREASE initiates a dialogue between European and non-European scholars;
  • GREASE organizes debates between scholars and several societal stakeholders, including resource policy makers and statistical offices working on sustainability and well-being monitoring.


Project duration

1 October 2018 - 30 September 2021

Program coordination

Erik van der Vleuten (Eindhoven University of Technology), Project Leader

Frank Veraart (Eindhoven University of Technology), Project Secretary

Partner PI’s: Andreas Fickers (University of Luxemburg), Aristotle Tympas (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens), Dagmara Jajeśniak-Quast (Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt O.), Pascal Griset/Leonard Laborie (University of Paris Sorbonne); Matthias Heymann (Aarhus University), Per Högselius (KTH Stockholm); Dirk Jan Koch (Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Elena Kochetkova (National Research University Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg), Jan-Pieter Smits (Statistics Netherlands), Maria Paula Diogo (New University of Lisbon), Urban Wråkberg (Arctic University of Norway).

Here you can find more information about the GREASE project 

Comment: Sustainability challenges in the Niger Delta or the Rotterdam harbor and petrochemical region should not be studied in geographical isolation, since both are entangled through the Royal Dutch Shell oil flow. F. Veraart et al., Connected by oil: The entangled sustainability histories of Nigeria and the Netherlands, Extractive Industries and Society, accepted for publication.