Distribution based model for the grain boundaries in polycrystalline plasticity

Article

Ganghoffer, J.F., Brekelmans, W.A.M. & Geers, M.G.D. (2008). Distribution based model for the grain boundaries in polycrystalline plasticity. European Journal of Mechanics. A, Solids, 27(5), 737-763. In Scopus Cited 1 times.

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Abstract

 

This contribution focuses on the development of constitutive models for the grain boundary region between two crystals, relying on the dislocation based polycrystalline model documented in (Evers, L.P., Parks, D.M., Brekelmans, W.A.M., Geers, M.G.D., 2002. Crystal plasticity model with enhanced hardening by geometrically necessary dislocation accumulation. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 50, 2403–2424; Evers, L.P., Brekelmans, W.A.M., Geers, M.G.D., 2004a. Non-local crystal plasticity model with intrinsic SSD and GND effects. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 52, 2379–2401; Evers, L.P., Brekelmans, W.A.M., Geers, M.G.D., 2004b. Scale dependent crystal plasticity framework with dislocation density and grain boundary effects. Int. J. Solids Struct. 41, 5209–5230). The grain boundary is first viewed as a geometrical surface endowed with its own fields, which are treated here as distributions from a mathematical point of view. Regular and singular dislocation tensors are introduced, defining the grain equilibrium, both in the grain core and at the boundary of both grains. Balance equations for the grain core and grain boundary are derived, that involve the dislocation density distribution tensor, in both its regular and singular contributions. The driving force for the motion of the geometrically necessary dislocations is identified from the pull-back to the lattice configuration of the quasi-static balance of momentum, that reveals the duality between the stress and the curl of the elastic gradient. Criteria that govern the flow of mobile geometrically necessary dislocations (GNDs) through the grain boundary are next elaborated on these bases. Specifically, the sign of the projection of a lattice microtraction on the glide velocity defines a necessary condition for the transmission of incoming GNDs, thereby rendering the set of active slip systems for the glide of outgoing dislocations. Viewing the grain boundary as adjacent bands in each grain with a constant GND density in each, the driving force for the grain boundary slip is further expressed in terms of the GND densities and the differently oriented slip systems in each grain. A semi-analytical solution is developed in the case of symmetrical slip in a bicrystal under plane strain conditions. It is shown that the transmission of plastic slip occurs when the angle made by the slip direction relative to the grain boundary normal is less than a critical value, depending on the ratio of the GND densities and the orientation of the transmitted dislocations.