Sintering of two viscoelastic particles: a computational approach


Balemans, C., Hulsen, M.A. & Anderson, P.D. (2017). Sintering of two viscoelastic particles: a computational approach. Applied Sciences, 7(5):516 In Scopus Cited 1 times.

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Selective laser sintering (SLS) is a high-resolution additive manufacturing fabrication technique. To fully understand the process, we developed a computational model, using the finite element method, to solve the flow problem of sintering two viscoelastic particles. The flow is assumed to be isothermal and the particles to be in a liquid state, where their rheology is described using the Giesekus and XPP constitutive models. In this work, we assess the parameters that define this problem, such as the initial geometry, the Deborah number, and other dimensionless parameters present in the rheological models. In particular the conformation tensor is considered, which is a measure for the polymeric strain and plays an important role in the crystallization kinetics of semicrystalline polymers like polyamide 12, usually used in SLS.