Relationship between freight accessibility and logistics employment in US counties
ArticleHeuvel, van den, F.P., Rivera, L., Donselaar, van, K.H., Jong, de, A., Sheffi, Y., Langen, de, P.W. & Fransoo, J.C. (2014). Relationship between freight accessibility and logistics employment in US counties. Transportation Research. Part A: Policy and Practice, 59, 91-105. In Scopus Cited 12 times.
This paper analyzes the relationship between freight accessibility and logistics employment in the US. It develops an accessibility measure relevant for logistics companies based on a gravity model. This allows for an analysis of the accessibility of US counties focusing on four different modes of transportation: road, rail, air, and maritime. Using a Partial Least Squares model, these four different freight accessibility measures are combined into two constructs, continental and intercontinental freight accessibility, and related to logistics employment. Results show that highly accessible counties attract more logistics employment than other counties. The analyses show that it is very important to control for the effect of the county population on both freight accessibility and logistics employment. While county population explains the most variation in the logistics employment per county, there is a significant relationship between freight accessibility and logistics employment, when controlling for this effect.
Keywords: Accessibility, Freight transport, Logistics employment