P3HT/PCBM bulk heterojunction solar cells: impact of blend composition and 3D morphology on device performance
ArticleBavel, van, S.S., Barenklau, M., With, de, G., Hoppe, H. & Loos, J. (2010). P3HT/PCBM bulk heterojunction solar cells: impact of blend composition and 3D morphology on device performance. Advanced Functional Materials, 20(9), 1458-1463. In Scopus Cited 226 times.
The performance of polymer solar cells (PSC) strongly depends on the 3D morphological organization of the donor and acceptor compounds within the bulk heterojunction active layer. The technique of electron tomography is a powerful tool for studying 3D morphology of the layers composed of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and a fullerene derivative ([6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester; PCBM), especially to quantify the amount and distribution of fibrillar P3HT nanocrystals throughout the volume of the active layer. In this study, electron tomography is used to characterize P3HT/PCBM layers with different blend compositions, both before and after thermal annealing. The power conversion efficiency of the corresponding PSCs is strongly dependent on the overall crystallinity of P3HT and the way P3HT crystals are distributed throughout the thickness of the active layer.