Synthesis of micro- and nanomaterials in CO2 and CO dielectric barrier discharges
ArticleBelov, I., Vanneste, J., Aghaee, M., Paulussen, S. & Bogaerts, A. (2017). Synthesis of micro- and nanomaterials in CO2 and CO dielectric barrier discharges. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 14(3):1600065 In Scopus Cited 5 times.
Dielectric Barrier Discharges operating in CO and CO2 form solid products at atmospheric pressure. The main differences between both plasmas and their deposits were analyzed, at similar energy input. GC measurements revealed a mixture of CO2, CO, and O2 in the CO2 DBD exhaust, while no O2 was found in the CO plasma. A coating of nanoparticles composed of Fe, O, and C was produced by the CO2 discharge, whereas, a microscopic dendrite-like carbon structure was formed in the CO plasma. Fe3O4 and Fe crystalline phases were found in the CO2 sample. The CO deposition was characterized as an amorphous structure, close to polymeric CO (p-CO). Interestingly, p-CO is not formed in the CO2 plasma, in spite of the significant amounts of CO produced (up to 30% in the reactor exhaust).