Indoor environment and pupils' health in primary schools
Articlevan Dijken, F, Bronswijk, van, J.E.M.H. & Sundell, J. (2006). Indoor environment and pupils' health in primary schools. Building Research & Information, 34(5), 437-446. In Scopus Cited 35 times.
Dutch children are legally bound to spend 15% of their time in a school setting. The
indoor environment in Dutch primary schools is known to be substandard. However, it is
unclear to what extent the health of pupils is affected by the indoor school environment.
The paper aims to assess the associations between indoor environmental quality in Dutch
schools and pupils' health, also taking into account the children's home environment and
personal factors. A cross-sectional study was performed in 11 classrooms in 11 different
schools in the Netherlands. The study included exposure measurements, building
inspections, and a questionnaire survey on pupils' health and domestic exposure. Principal
Component Analysis (PCA) and non-parametric tests were performed to assess
relationships. None of the schools complied with all indoor environmental quality
standards. The importance of both the school and the domestic environment to pupils'
health is shown in a multivariate analysis. If both the school and the home environment
are highly polluted, improving conditions at school alone may not result in improved
health of the children.