Unconscious persuasion by ambient persuasive technology : evidence for the effectiveness of suliminal feedback
Conference ContributionHam, J.R.C., Midden, C.J.H. & Beute, F. (2009). Unconscious persuasion by ambient persuasive technology : evidence for the effectiveness of suliminal feedback. Conference proceedings of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (pp. 1-6). Edinburgh UK. Read more: Medialink/Full text
In this paper we explore a fundamental characteristic of Ambient Persuasive Technology: Can it persuade the user without receiving the user‘s conscious attention? In a task consisting of 90 trials, participants had to indicate which of three household appliances uses the lowest average amount of energy. After each choice, participants in the supraliminal feedback condition received feedback about the correctness of their choice through presentation of a smiling or a sad face for 150 ms. Participants in the subliminal feedback condition received identical feedback, but the faces were presented only for 25 ms, which prohibited conscious perception of these stimuli. The final third of the participants received no feedback. In the next task, participants rated the energy consumption of all presented appliances. Results indicated that supraliminal feedback and subliminal feedback both led to more correct energy consumption ratings as compared to receiving no feedback. Implications are discussed.