Diastolic augmentation index improves radial augmentation index in assessing arterial stiffness
ArticleYao, Y., Hao, L., Xu, L., Zhang, Y., Qi, L., Sun, Y., Yang, B., van de Vosse, F.N. & Yao, Y. (2017). Diastolic augmentation index improves radial augmentation index in assessing arterial stiffness. Scientific Reports, 7:5864 In Scopus Cited 0 times.
Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor for cardiovascular events. Radial augmentation index (AI r ) can be more conveniently measured compared with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). However, the performance of AI r in assessing arterial stiffness is limited. This study proposes a novel index AI rd , a combination of AI r and diastolic augmentation index (AI d ) with a weight α, to achieve better performance over AI r in assessing arterial stiffness. 120 subjects (43 ± 21 years old) were enrolled. The best-fit α is determined by the best correlation coefficient between AI rd and cfPWV. The performance of the method was tested using the 12-fold cross validation method. AI rd (r = 0.68, P < 0.001) shows a stronger correlation with cfPWV and a narrower prediction interval than AI r (r = 0.61, P < 0.001), AI d (r = −0.17, P = 0.06), the central augmentation index (AI c ) (r = 0.61, P < 0.001) or AI c normalized for heart rate of 75 bpm (r = 0.65, P < 0.001). Compared with AI r (age, P < 0.001; gender, P < 0.001; heart rate, P < 0.001; diastolic blood pressure, P < 0.001; weight, P = 0.001), AI rd has fewer confounding factors (age, P < 0.001; gender, P < 0.001). In conclusion, AI rd derives performance improvement in assessing arterial stiffness, with a stronger correlation with cfPWV and fewer confounding factors.