Spatial concentration and location dynamics in logistics : the case of a Dutch province
ArticleHeuvel, van den, F.P., Langen, de, P.W., Donselaar, van, K.H. & Fransoo, J.C. (2013). Spatial concentration and location dynamics in logistics : the case of a Dutch province. Journal of Transport Geography, 28, 39-48. In Scopus Cited 20 times.
This paper analyzes location dynamics of logistics establishments in relation to spatial clustering. Such an analysis is relevant for both decision makers within logistics firms and regional policy makers, as co-located logistics establishments as well as society as a whole can benefit from co-location of logistics establishments. For this analysis, longitudinal empirical data on logistics establishments in a Dutch province are used. Six general conclusions are drawn on spatial concentration and location decisions of logistic firms. First, logistics employment spatially concentrates in particular areas, called Absolute and Relative Concentration areas (AREC areas). Second, larger logistics establishments locate relatively often in AREC areas. Third, logistics establishments that relocate within the province locate relatively more in AREC areas than in other areas, while new logistics establishments do not. Fourth, logistics establishments from AREC areas are more likely to relocate in AREC areas than establishments from non-AREC areas. Hence, experience matters in location decisions of logistics firms. Fifth, transport establishments locate relatively often in emerging AREC areas. Finally, data on employment growth show that intermodal container terminals attract logistics employment, in their direct vicinity as well as on a municipal level.