A molecular model for cohesive slip at polymer melt/solid interfaces


Tchesnokov, M.A., Molenaar, J., Slot, J.J.M. & Stepanyan, R. (2005). A molecular model for cohesive slip at polymer melt/solid interfaces. Journal of Chemical Physics, 122(21), 214711-1/12. In Scopus Cited 5 times.

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A molecular model is proposed which predicts wall slip by disentanglement of polymer chains adsorbed on a wall from those in the polymer bulk. The dynamics of the near-wall boundary layer is found to be governed by a nonlinear equation of motion, which accounts for such mechanisms on surface chains as convection, retraction, constraint release, and thermal fluctuations. This equation is valid over a wide range of grafting regimes, including those in which interactions between neighboring adsorbed molecules become essential. It is not closed since the dynamics of adsorbed chains is shown to be coupled to that of polymer chains in the bulk via constraint release. The constitutive equations for the layer and bulk, together with continuity of stress and velocity, are found to form a closed system of equations which governs the dynamics of the whole "bulk+boundary layer" ensemble. Its solution provides a stick-slip law in terms of the molecular parameters and extruder geometry. The model is quantitative and contains only those parameters that can be measured directly, or extracted from independent rheological measurements. The model predictions show a good agreement with available experimental data. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.