Conductive screen printing inks by gelation of graphene dispersions
ArticleArapov, K.A., Rubingh, E., Abbel, R.J., Laven, J., de With, G. & Friedrich, H.B. (2016). Conductive screen printing inks by gelation of graphene dispersions. Advanced Functional Materials, 26(4), 586-593. In Scopus Cited 27 times.
This paper describes the gelation of highly concentrated graphene/polymer dispersions triggered by mild heating. The gel formation is only dependent on the concentration of graphene with 3.25 mg mL−1 as the minimum value for graphene network formation. The graphene gel is then utilized for the preparation of colloidally stable and highly concentrated (52 mg mL−1) graphene pastes that demonstrate excellent performance in screen printing down to lines of 40 μm in width. Printed patterns dried at 100 °C for only 5 min exhibit sheet resistances of 30 Ω −1 at 25 μm thickness, thus, removing the need for long-time high temperature annealing, doping, or other treatments. Such a low drying temperature, high printing definition, and compatibility with industrially relevant plastic and paper substrates brings high-volume roll-to-roll application in printed flexible electronics within reach.