On the stability of bipedal walking
Zutven, van, P.W.M., Kostic, D. & Nijmeijer, H. (2010). On the stability of bipedal walking. In N. Ando, T. Hemker, O. Stryk, van, S. Balakirsky & M. Reggiani (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Simulation, Modeling and Programming for Autonomous Robots, 15-18 November 2010, Darmstadt, Germany (pp. 521-532). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, No. 6472). Berlin: Springer. In Scopus Cited 4 times.
Stability of bipedal locomotion is analyzed using a model of a planar biped written in the framework of systems with unilateral constraints. Based on this model, two different stable walking gaits are derived: one which fulfills the widely used criterion of the Zero Moment Point (ZMP) and another one violating this criterion. Both gaits are determined using systematic model-based designs. The model and the two gaits are used in simulations to illustrate conservatisms of two commonly used methods for stability analysis of bipedal walking: the ZMP criterion and Poincare return map method. We show that none of these two methods can give us a general qualification of bipedal walking stability.