Rydberg Atom Quantum Computing and Simulation
Quantum computers are currently in the noisy intermediate scale quantum (NISQ) era, where noise and decoherence are still a major challenge for quantum computing platforms, and which also limits the scale of the machines that can be built. However, a combination of hardware-dependent optimization, hybridization with classical computing and clever algorithms can demonstrate quantum advantage for specific tasks. We develop a scalable platform along these principles, based on ultracold Rydberg atoms in optical tweezers.
The Rydberg atom platform is a development platform both for technology and for applications, and it will be available for the Dutch quantum ecosystem and beyond, via the Quantum Inspire facility, accessible 24/7 online. This project brings different areas of expertise together: the knowledge of fundamental atomic physics on interacting atoms, the development of hardware-specific hybrid quantum-classical algorithms, the experimental knowledge of laser cooling and quantum gases, and the engineering of all components to a full stack cloud-based quantum computer.
DurationJuly 2020 - December 2025
We are developing and constructing a pulse-based Rydberg atom quantum computing platform. This work is being carried out in the Center for Quantum Materials and Technology (QT/e), and is part of Focus Area 1 in the Eindhoven Hendrik Casimir Institute, and of the KAT-1 program of Quantum Delta NL.
The qubits in our platform are based on ultracold (Rydberg) atoms. With optical tweezers these atoms will be hold in a lattice configuration with good optical access, controllability and readout. Our lab contains an operational atomic Rubidium quantum computing testbed, and we are constructing a cloud-based quantum computing facility based on Strontium atoms. In both platforms, with the excitation to Rydberg states, strong nearest-neighbor coupling can be realised, giving rise to multi-qubit entanglement. These Ryberg platforms are very suitable for the execution of specific tasks such as hybrid algorithms for quantum chemical problems. We collaborate closely with the Ultracold Strontium lab at the UvA in Amsterdam.
Project Related Publications
Optimization of the variational quantum eigensolver for quantum chemistry applicationsAVS Quantum Science (2022)
Pulse based Variational Quantum Optimal Control for hybrid quantum computingarXiv (2022)
Materials for quantum technologiesJournal of Applied Physics (2021)
Simulating polaron biophysics with Rydberg atomsScientific Reports (2018)
Sub-Poissonian statistics of jamming limits in ultracold Rydberg gasesPhysical Review Letters (2015)