In next-generation high-tech and mechatronic systems, extreme functionalities and performance requirements will be realized by using a model-based multi-physics systems approach. New sensing technologies and actuator designs for multi-physics processes (forces, flows, temperatures, acoustics, optics) will need to be integrated with and used by distributed on-line model-based control and optimization tools. The control systems are adaptive, auto-tuned, are implemented in optimized hardware and software architectures, and use effective (wireless) communication.
Although in more classical designs the different modules can be treated in isolation, next-generation systems will require further integration: all of the physics, including material properties, becomes important to model and to control. Control, communication and software will interact interdependently to achieve the real-time performance requirements. In addition, the field of systems engineering as a systematic tool for the conception, design and performance prediction of complex equipment must be further developed. Using systems design paradigms, such as the V-model and resource budgeting, forms a central part of the program and challenges within HTSC.