New ILI project "OptiLight"
The Dutch funding agency STW has approved the new project proposal Optilight. This project will strengthen the cooperation between various Lighting-oriented groups within ILI. At the moment, the project is searching PhD candidates who are interesting in mathematical optimization for human centric lighting.
From experiments to theory to algorithms to Systems
The project aims to make lighting control systems more centered towards the human user. This requires not only better insights in how humans experience light but also demands quantified models and optimization algorithms that are executed by automated lighting control systems. Despite the growing scientific understanding of the impact of light on, for instance, wellbeing, performance, circadian rhythms and sleep, benefits of this understanding cannot (yet) easily be harvested in practical systems. We lack scalable algorithms that can be used in automated systems and that can be deployed in different environments without extensive tuning by experienced lighting experts. Scalability towards broad deployment is a key sub goal of this project.
Humans want to experience light as a natural given. Having to adjust the light setting regularly is not attractive. Moreover, people are usually not aware of the longer-term effects of light so they don’t necessarily select the optimal light setting. On the other hand, automatic controls often fail to offer a comfortable and unobtrusive natural experience and even tend to irritate people. Hence, there exists a huge gap between results obtained in controlled environments and practical deployment.
Capturing human perception in mathematical models
Although control theory and optimizations using statistical signal processing are well established areas, to date they are not widely used for lighting control. Yet, in audio and video processing and in gaming, models on human factors are successfully being used by automated systems. Hence the team is confident that better models human on experience and perception can improve automatic control systems. However, it is not straightforward to capture human experience in equations. We believe that an important step is to better quantify the reliability of such expressions and to take this into account in probabilistic algorithms.
This project will bring together experts from Electrical Engineering, Architecture, Computer Science and Human Technology Interaction. Prof. Jean-Paul Linnartz of the Signal Processing and Systems group at EE will lead the overall project and will bring in expertise on applying criteria and models of human experience in automated optimizations. Prof. Alexander Rosemann and his team from the Building Lighting group in the Department of the Built Environment will analyze data collected in real environments and compare this to data from fully controlled situations. Prof. Yvonne de Kort and Dr. Ingrid Vogels of the Human-Technology Interaction group bring in expertise on the impact of light on human functioning and visual experience and comfort. The team will generate quantified models on human perception and experience of lighting based on experiments in controlled environments. Prof. Johan Lukkien and Dr. Tanir Ozcelebi of the System Architecture and Networking group in Computer Science bring their expertise on programming intelligent and learning behaviour of smart space applications.
Contact: Prof. Jean-Paul Linnartz
j.p.linnartz (at) tue.nl