DIsc Risk Evaluating Controlled Trial (DIRECT)

September 1st, 2008 - March 1st, 2013

Project description
Because of high demands at work, nurses are at high risk for occupational burnout and physical complaints. There is upcoming evidence that job resources (such as job autonomy or social support) and recovery opportunities could counteract the adverse effect of high job demands. However, it is still unclear how job resources and recovery opportunities can be translated into effective workplace interventions that aim to improve employee health, well-being, and performance. The objective of the current research project is to develop and implement interventions to optimize job resources and recovery opportunities, which may lead to improved health, well-being and performance of nurses. The Demand-Induced Strain Compensation (DISC) Model will be the theoretical framework of this project. The main assumption of the model is that job demands need to be compensated by matching job resources. In the current research project, the DISC Model is extended with recovery from work. This has resulted in the assumption that job demands need to be compensated by both matching job resources and matching recovery from work. The DIRECT-project (DIsc Risk Evaluating Controlled Trial) is a longitudinal, quasi-experimental field study. The staff of 2 nursing homes (4 intervention wards and 4 comparison wards) will be involved. Based on the results of a base-line survey, interventions will be implemented to optimize job resources and recovery opportunities. After 12 and 24 months the effect of the interventions will be investigated with follow-up surveys. Additionally, a process evaluation will be conducted to map factors that either stimulated or hindered successful implementation as well as the effectiveness of the interventions During the DIRECT-project two daily survey studies will also be conducted to investigate the effect of job demands, job resources, and recovery on a daily level.  

·       Spoor. E.M.B., Jonge, J. de, & Hamers, J.P.H. (2010). Design of the DIRECT-project: Interventions to increase job resources and recovery opportunities to improve job-related health, well-being, and performance outcomes in nursing homes. BMC Public Health, 10, 293.
Spoor, E., Jonge, J. de, & Hamers, J. (2010). Nu even niet...! Of toch wel...? Een dagboekstudie naar detachment en creativiteit. Gedrag & Organisatie, 23(4), 296-315.
·       Jonge, de, J., Spoor, E. M. B., Sonnentag, S., Dormann, C., & Tooren, van den, M. (2012). "Take a break?!" : off-job recovery, job demands, and job resources as predictors of health, active learning, and creativity. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21(3), 321-348. DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2011.576009

Contact Person
Prof.dr. J. De Jonge