DISCovery: tailored work-oriented interventions to improve employee health and performance-related outcomes in health care

January 1st, 2011 - December 31st, 2014

Project description
Due to all kinds of new organizational challenges and threats, health care workers in today’s hospitals have to deal with high levels of job demands. Dealing with these high job demands could have negative consequences for their health, well-being and job performance. It is important to find ways of dealing with high job demands in such a way that the adverse effects on health and job performance are diminished. Research has shown that a good way of dealing with these demands is through the use of (matching) job resources and recovery at/after work. The theoretical framework in this project will be the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation (DISC) Model, which shows a balance between matching job demands and job resources might have positive influences on health, well-being and job-related performance. Also, the role of recovery at/after work and its effect on the demands-outcomes relationship will be investigated. The overall aim of this study is to compose and implement effective, tailored, interventions to improve a healthy working life, job performance and safety in health care, based on the key principles of the DISC Model. The DISCovery project is a quasi-experimental, longitudinal field study. Health care staff of a general hospital will be participating (i.e. 4 experimental units and 4 comparison units). Based on the results of the base-line survey, interventions will be implemented to enhance job resources and recovery opportunities. Besides paper and pencil studies, daily survey studies will be conducted on iPods. After 12 and 24 months follow-up studies will be carried out to measure the effect of the interventions. A process evaluation is planned to measure the successfulness of the implementation and interventions. The DISCovery project is a collaborative project between TU/e, TNO and Rijnstate Hospital that is funded by ZonMW. 

Publications
·       Niks, I. M. W., Jonge, de, J., Gevers, J. M. P., & Houtman, I. L. D. (2013). Design of the DISCovery project : tailored work-oriented interventions to improve employee health, well-being and performance-related outcomes in hospital care. BMC Health Services Research, 13(66), 1-11. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-66
·       Niks, I. M. W., Gevers, J. M. P., de Jonge, J., & Houtman, I. L. D. (2016). The relation between off-job recovery and job resources : person-level differences and day-level dynamics. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25(2), 226-238. DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2015.1042459
·       Niks, I. M. W., Gevers, J. M. P., & Jonge, de, J. (2013). DISCovery : een innovatief onderzoeksproject naar duurzaam inzetbare zorgverleners. Rijnstate Research : wetenschappelijk magazine, 2(1), 12-13.
·       Niks, I.M.W. / Balance at work: discovering dynamics in the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation Recovery (DISC-R) model, thesis (2015).

Contact Persons
Prof.dr. J. de Jonge, dr. J.M.P. Gevers