DSC/e Lecture Brian Tomlin, The Internet of Things and Information Fusion: Who Talks to Who?

Date:
15 March
Time:
15:30 - 16:30
Remarks:
Doors open at 15:00h
Location:
TU/e Paviljoen building - Room K.10
Organizer:
Research program SMM & DSC/e

The Internet of Things and Information Fusion: Who Talks to Who?

Abstract

The promised operational benefits of the Internet of Things (IoT) are predicated on the notion that better decisions will be enabled through a multitude of autonomous sensors (often deployed by different firms) providing real-time knowledge of the state of things. This knowledge will be imperfect, however, due to sensor quality limitations. A sensor can improve its estimation quality by soliciting a state estimate from other sensors operating in its general environment. Target selection (choosing from which other sensors to solicit estimates) is challenging because sensors may not know the underlying inference models or qualities of sensors deployed by other firms. This lack of trust (or familiarity) in others' inference models creates noise in the received estimate, but trust builds and noise reduces over time the more a sensor targets any given sensor. We characterize the initial and long run information sharing network for an arbitrary collection of sensors operating in an autoregressive environment. The state of the environment plays a key role in mediating quality and trust in target selection. When qualities are known and asymmetric, target selection is based on a deterministic rule that incorporates qualities, trusts, and state. Furthermore, each sensor eventually settles on a constant target set in all future periods, but this long run target set is sample path dependent and also varies by sensor. When qualities are unknown, a deterministic  target selection rule may be suboptimal, and sensors may not settle on a constant target set. Moreover, the inherent targeting trade-off  between quality and trust is influenced by a sensor's ambiguity attitude. Our findings shed light on the evolution of inter-firm sensor communication over time, and this is important for predicting and understanding the inter-firm connectedness and relationships that will arise as a result of the IoT. Link to paper.

Biography

Brian Tomlin is a Professor of Business Administration at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth. His research explores operations strategy and supply chain management, with a focus in the areas of supply chain risk and process innovation. He is a past president of the Manufacturing and Service Operations Management Society. He currently serves as a Department Editor at the Manufacturing and Service Operations Management journal. Brian has published widely in the leading academic journals and in practice-focused outlets such as the Financial Times and Supply Chain Management Review. At Tuck, he teaches the core operations management class and an operations strategy elective.

Brian received his PhD from MIT's Sloan School of Management, where he was awarded the Zannetos PhD Dissertation Prize. His undergraduate degree is from University College Dublin in Ireland. Prior to becoming an academic Brian worked full time for a number of companies, including General Electric and the Boston Consulting Group.

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