A WAXD and solid-state NMR study on cocrystallization in partially cycloaliphatic polyamide 12.6-based copolymers

Tijdschriftartikel

Vanhaecht, B., Willem, R., Biesemans, M., Goderis, B., Basiura, M., Magusin, P.C.M.M., Dolbnya, I.P. & Koning, C.E. (2004). A WAXD and solid-state NMR study on cocrystallization in partially cycloaliphatic polyamide 12.6-based copolymers. Macromolecules, 37(2), 421-428. In Scopus Cited 18 times.

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Abstract

 

To study the influence of the stereochem. on the possibility of cocrystn. of linear and cyclic aliph. residues in copolyamides, a series of copolyamides 12.6/12.1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid with variable compns. were synthesized. From solid-state NMR studies it could be deduced that cis-1,4-CHDA is present in the amorphous regions whereas the trans residues are located in both the cryst. and the amorphous phase. WAXD patterns confirm the presence of trans-1,4-CHDA inside the crystals and reveal that the cycloaliph. ring is most likely oriented in a direction perpendicular to the crystal sheets that contain the hydrogen bonds. As a result, the intersheet distance is increased compared to that of polyamide 12.6. Furthermore, the rings prevent the genesis of a pseudohexagonal phase above the Brill temp. Exceptionally, crossing rather than merging of the (100) and the combined (010)-(110) WAXD reflections is obsd. with increasing temp., indicating that the intersheet distances increase and become larger than the interchain distances within the hydrogen-bonded sheets before the crystals start to melt. Incorporation of trans-1,4-CHDA residues into polyamide 12.6 leads to higher melting temps., pointing at cocrystn. in terms of a solid soln. rather than as defects. In contrast, a slight m.p. depression is obsd. for copolymers with predominately cis-1,4-CHDA residues. [on SciFinder (R)]