X-ray detector-on-plastic with high sensitivity using low cost, solution-processed organic photodiodes

Tijdschriftartikel

Gelinck, G., Kumar, A. , Moet, D. , van der Steen, J.L., ven Breemen, A.J.J.M. , Shanmugam, S. , Langen, A. , Gilot, J., Groen, P., Andriessen, R., Simon, M. , Ruetten, W. , Douglas, A., Raaijmakers, P. , Malinowski, P.E. & Myny, K. (2016). X-ray detector-on-plastic with high sensitivity using low cost, solution-processed organic photodiodes. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 63(1), 197-204. In Scopus Cited 19 times.

Lees meer: DOI      Medialink/Full text

Abstract

 

We made and characterized an X-ray detector on a 25- \mu text{m} -thick plastic substrate that is capable of medical-grade performance. As an indirect conversion flat panel detector, it combined a standard scintillator with an organic photodetector (OPD) layer and oxide thin-film transistor backplane. Using solution-processed organic bulk heterojunction photodiode rather than the usual amorphous silicon, process temperature is reduced to be compatible with plastic film substrates, and a number of costly lithography steps are eliminated, opening the door to lower production costs. With dark currents as low as 1 pA/mm ^{2} and sensitivity of 0.2 A/W the OPD also meets functional requirements: the proof-of-concept detector delivers high-resolution, dynamic images at 10 frames/s, and 200 pixels/in using X-ray doses as low as 3~\mu Gy/frame